This does not include the description of the mixed v1/v2 mode, but everything important apart from that should be covered.
CHANGES WITH 232 in spe
- The new RemoveIPC= option can be used to remove IPC objects owned by the user or group of a service when that service exits.
- Support for dynamically creating users for the lifetime of a service has been added. If DynamicUser=yes is specified, user and group IDs will be allocated from the range 61184..65519 for the lifetime of the service. They can be resolved using the new nss-systemd.so NSS module. The module must be enabled in /etc/nsswitch.conf. Services started in this way have PrivateTmp= and RemoveIPC= enabled, so that any resources allocated by the service will be cleaned up when the service exits.
The nss-systemd module also always resolves root and nobody, making it possible to have no /etc/passwd or /etc/group files in minimal container systems.
- Services may be started with their own user namespace using the new PrivateUsers= option. Only root, nobody, and the uid/gid under which the service is running are mapped. All other users are mapped to nobody.
- Support for the cgroup namespace has been added to systemd-nspawn. If supported by kernel, the container system started by systemd-nspawn will have its own view of the cgroup hierarchy. This new behaviour can be disabled using $SYSTEMD_NSPAWN_USE_CGNS environment variable.
- The new MemorySwapMax= option can be used to limit the maximum swap usage under the unified cgroup hierarchy.
- Support for the CPU controller in the unified cgroup hierarchy has been added, via the CPUWeight=, CPUStartupWeight=, CPUAccounting= options. This controller requires out-of-tree patches for the kernel and the support is provisional.
- .automount units may now be transient.
- systemd-mount is a new tool which wraps mount(8) to pull in additional dependencies through transient .mount and .automount units. For example, this automatically runs fsck on the block device before mounting, and allows the automount logic to be used.
- LazyUnmount=yes option for mount units has been added to expose the umount --lazy option. Similarly, ForceUnmount=yes exposes the --force option.
- /efi will be used as the mount point of the EFI boot partition, if the directory is present, and the mount point was not configured through other means (e.g. fstab). If /efi directory does not exist, /boot will be used as before. This makes it easier to automatically mount the EFI partition on systems where /boot is used for something else.
- disk/by-id symlinks are now created for NVMe drives.
- Two new user session targets have been added to support running graphical sessions under the systemd --user instance: graphical-session.target and graphical-session-pre.target. See systemd.special(7) for a description of how those targets should be used.
- The vconsole initialization code has been significantly reworked to use KD_FONT_OP_GET/SET ioctls insteads of KD_FONT_OP_COPY and better support unicode keymaps. Font and keymap configuration will now be copied to all allocated virtual consoles.
- FreeBSD's bhyve virtiualization is now detected.
- Information recored in the journal for core dumps now includes the contents of /proc/mountinfo and the command line of the process at the top of the process hierarchy (which is usually the init process of the container).
- systemd-journal-gatewayd learned the --directory option to serve files from the specified location.
- journalctl --root=… can be used to peruse the journal in the /var/log/ directories inside of a container tree. This is similar to the existing --machine= option, but does not require the container to be active.
- The hardware database has been extended to support ID_INPUT_TRACKBALL, used in addition to ID_INPUT_MOUSE to identify trackball devices.
MOUSE_WHEEL_CLICK_ANGLE_HORIZONTAL hwdb property has been added to specify the click rate for mice which include a horizontal wheel with a click rate that is different than the one for the vertical wheel.
- systemd-run gained a new --wait option that makes service execution synchronous.
- A new journal output mode "short-full" has been added which uses timestamps with abbreviated English day names and adds a timezone suffix. Those timestamps include more information and can be parsed by journalctl.
- /etc/resolv.conf will be bind-mounted into containers started by systemd-nspawn, if possible, so any changes to resolv.conf contents are automatically propagated to the container.
- The number of instances for socket-activated services originating from a single IP can be limited with MaxConnectionsPerSource=, extending the existing setting of MaxConnections.
- UDP Segmentation Offload, TCP Segmentation Offload, Generic Segmentation Offload, Generic Receive Offload, Large Receive Offload can be enabled and disabled using the new UDPSegmentationOffload=, TCPSegmentationOffload=, GenericSegmentationOffload=, GenericReceiveOffload=, LargeReceiveOffload= options in the [Link] section of .link files.
Spanning Tree Protocol enablement, Priority, Aging Time, and the Default Port VLAN ID can be configured for bridge devices using the new STP=, Priority=, AgeingTimeSec=, and DefaultPVID= settings in the [Bridge] section of .netdev files.
Address Resolution Protocol can be disabled on links managed by systemd-networkd using the ARP=no setting in the [Link] section of .network files.
- $SERVICE_RESULT, $EXIT_CODE, $EXIT_STATUS are set for ExecStop= and ExecStopPost= commands.
- Journald's SplitMode=login setting has been deprecated. It has been removed from documentation, and it's use is discouraged. In a future release it will be completely removed, and made equivalent to current default of SplitMode=uid.
- The --share-system systemd-nspawn option has been replaced with an (undocumented) variable $SYSTEMD_NSPAWN_SHARE_SYSTEM, but the use of this functionality is discouraged. In addition the variables $SYSTEMD_NSPAWN_SHARE_NS_IPC, $SYSTEMD_NSPAWN_SHARE_NS_PID, $SYSTEMD_NSPAWN_SHARE_NS_UTS may be used to control the unsharing of individual namespaces.
4ffe247 NEWS: add a bunch of stuff for the 232 release (#4132)
NEWS | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 133 insertions(+)